Melitaea helvetica 
(ex-Mellicta athalia ssp celadusa)
         
   
   
           
 
Formerly considered as a subspecies of M. athalia (ssp celadusa), this fritillary from the South-East of France is a true species which is now named Melitaea helvetica. Checking the genitalia is the only way to make the difference between this butterfly and M.athalia (see photos No.12] & 18] )
 
       
   
1] male of Melitaea helvetica - Var (France) - 15/05/2012   2] same specimen as 1]  
       
       
   
3] same specimen as 1]   4] male - Var (France) - 09/06/2010  
       
       
   
5] male on animal dung - Var (France) - 18/05/2011   6] other male - Var (France) - 18/05/2011  
       
       
   
7] male - Haute Loire (France) - 10/07/2014   8] other male - Haute Loire (France) - 10/07/2014  
       
       
   
9] male - Haute Loire (France) - 12/07/2014   10] other male - Haute Loire (France) - 12/07/2014  
       
       
   
11] male - Haute Loire (France) - 12/07/2014
 
  12] close-up of the genitalia in a male - Haute Loire (France) - 10/07/2014  
       
       
   
13] male - Var (France) - 09/06/2010   14] same specimen as 13]  
       
       
   
15] male - Var (France) - 21/05/2011   16] other male - Var (France) - 21/05/2011  
       
       
   
17] male - Var (France) - 24/05/2014   18] close-up of the genitalia in a male - Var (France) - 24/05/2014  
       
       
   
19] male - Var (France) - 18/05/2011   20] other male - Var (France) - 18/05/2011  
       
       
   
21] male - Var (France) - 18/05/2011   22] female of Melitaea helvetica - Var (France) - 15/05/2012  
       
       
   
23] female - Var (France) - 05/06/2014   24] female - Var (France) - 29/05/2014  
       
       
   
25] female - Var (France) - 03/06/2011   26] same specimen as 25]  
       
       
   
27] other female - Var (France) - 03/06/2011   28] same specimen as 27]  
       
       
   
29] female from the population shown in photos 7] to 11] - Haute Loire (France) - 12/07/2014   30] other female - Haute Loire (France) - 12/07/2014
 
 
       
       
   
31] other female - Haute Loire (France) - 12/07/2014   32] same specimen as 31]  
       
       
   
33] other female - Var (France) - 09/08/2010   34] same specimen as 33]  
       
       
   
35] female - Var (France) - 18/05/2011   36] same specimen as 35]  
       
       
   
37] other female - Var (France) - 18/05/2011   38] same specimen as 37]  
       
       
   
39] female - Var (France) - 03/06/2011
 
  40] same specimen as 39], the forewing underside showing strong black markings in spaces 1b, 2 and 3.  
       
       
   
41] a female (foreground) and a male - Var (France) - 10/06/2011
 
  42] female - Hautes Alpes (France) - 22/06/2013
 
 
       
       
   
43] female - Var (France) - 08/06/2011   44] female - Var (France) - 30/07/2011  
       
       
   
45] mating pair (female on the left) - Alpes de Haute Provence (France) - 16/06/2011   46] mating pair - Var (France) - 10/06/2010
 
 
       
       
   
47] caterpillar found on Plantago lanceolata - Var (France) - 01/05/2012   48] caterpillar - Hautes Alpes (France) - 19/06/2013
 
 
       
       
   
49] caterpillar (found on Plantago lanceolata)  - Var (France) - 08/05/2012   50] same larva as 49]
 
 
       
       
   
51] chrysalis which originated from the larva shown in 49] & 50]  - Var ( France) - 21/05/2012   52] male (which originated from the chrysalis shown in 51] ) - Var (France) - 31/05/2012  
       
       
   
53] same specimen as 52]   54] close-up of the head of a caterpillar - Var (France) - 04/05/2014  
       
       
   
55] caterpillar on Plantago lanceolata - Var (France) - 21/04/2014   56] caterpillar on Plantago lanceolata - Var (France) - 09/05/2014   
       
       
 
57] caterpillar on Plantago lanceolata - Var (France) - 21/04/2014  
       
       
   
58] chrysalis which originated from the caterpillar shown in photo 55] - Var (France) - 09/05/2014   59] same chrysalis as 58]
 
 
       
       
   
60] chrysalis which originated from the caterpillars shown in photos 55] & 57] - Var (France) - 09/05/2014   61] chrysalis - Var (France)  - 21/05/2013
 
 
       
       
   
62] female which emerged from the chrysalis shown in photo 60] (the one above) - Var (France) - 18/05/2014   63] male which emerged from the chrysalis shown in photos 58] & 59] - Var (France) - 18/05/2014  
       
       
       
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